History of Itálica

The Roman city of Itálica, located in the Lower Guadalquivir, halfway between Seville (Hispalis) and Alcalá del Río (Ilipa), in the current Santiponce, very close to the routes that connected with the mining area of ​​the Sierra Norte of Seville and Huelva. He played an important strategic role, both politico-military, as well as economically, during the High Roman Empire. Proof of this is that it reached an area of ​​approximately 52 hectares.

The origins of the Archaeological Ensemble of Italica date back to 206 BC, when General Publius Cornelius Scipio, in the context of the Second Punic War, defeated the Carthaginians at the Battle of Ilipa and established a detachment of legionaries at Cerro de San Antonio, place where a turdetana population already existed since the 4th century BC Although at first both communities coexisted in this space close to the Guadalquivir, soon the Roman element imposed its social and political ways. In the second half of the first century BC the city acquires the municipal statute and, passed the time, during the government of the emperor Adriano (117-138 d.C.), the one of colony, with what is administratively equated to the metropolis.

It was the birthplace of the emperors Trajan and Adriano, and point of origin of many of the senators of the time.

Currently, the Archaeological Ensemble of Itálica shows the visitor a splendid Roman amphitheater and gives the possibility of walking through the layout of what were its streets, as well as to know the houses, public buildings, objects of art and utensils of everyday life used for its inhabitants.